Oatly: The Rising Trend Of Plant-Based Consumables And What Should Investors Know About It
Mention oat milk, almond milk or rice milk a decade ago and most Singaporeans would probably brush it off as another food fad. After all, we already have soy milk for decades. Fast forward to today, supermarkets are now lined up with rows of plant-based products that serve as alternatives to dairy, meat and even fish. Among the growing trends and demand for plant-based alternatives, brands such as Impossible Foods, Beyond Meat, and Oatly has gained traction over the years.
A pioneer in the global oat milk industry, Oatly has become a brand synonymous with oat milk. The first among the plant-based companies, the company recently did an Initial Public Offering (IPO) on NASDAQ on 20 May 2021.
Here, we take a deeper look at the plant-based consumable trend and the company – Oatly.
What Are Plant-Based Consumables And Why Are Consumers Demanding It?
Plant-based consumables are products made from plants such as soya beans, hemp, rice, and oats. The products range from drinks, beverages to protein alternatives for meat, eggs, dairy, and seafood.
According to a 2019 Deloitte UK report, the trend of plant-based consumables was taking off as consumers become increasing “flexitarian”. Flexitarians are consumers who still consume meat and animal-based product but aims to reduce their level of consumption. The shift in consumer consciousness is mainly driven by environmental, ethical and health concerns against animal-based products.
Additionally, the resemblance in taste to animal-based products helped convert conventional consumers too. Unlike traditional vegetarian protein alternatives, Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods were able to mimic “meaty” taste (including the juices) to a considerable degree. Likewise, Oatly’s successful entrance to the American market was due to Oatly’s barista blend being able to mimic the same creamy texture of dairy in coffee and tea.
The COVID-19 pandemic has also transformed consumer behaviours due to the additional isolation time spent retrospectively. Consumers are increasingly aware of their purchasing choices as they are starting to consciously choose brands aligned with their personal values.
If Plant-Based Consumables Are So Environmentally Friendly, How Green Are They?
As of 2018, food production accounts for over a quarter (26%) of global greenhouse gas emissions. Animal-based production and agriculture accounts for over half (53%) of food production greenhouse gas emissions.
Source: Our World In Data
Another study by Our World in Data also shows the same compelling case on the negative environmental impacts of meat sources. Meat sources, especially beef, produce more greenhouse gas emission in comparison to plant-based sources like oatmeal and wheat (as shown above).
According to Oatly’s IPO prospectus, an average litre of Oatly’s oat milk produces around 80% less greenhouse gas emissions compared to dairy milk. Additionally, oat milk also uses 79% less land usage and 60% less energy consumption.
With consumers being more environmentally conscious, plant sources are seen as a viable alternative to reduce our personal carbon footprint.
Investing In Oatly Is An Investment Into The Plant-Based Consumable Industry
In the company’s recent IPO, Oatly opened 31% above its listing price of $17. Investors interest did not wane after its listing as Oatly’s price continued to rise. It closed at a new high of $28.73 (as of 11 June 2021) with a market capitalisation of US$17 billion.
Currently, Oatly is almost twice the size of Meiji Holdings, one of the largest Asian dairy producers, which has a market capitalisation of US$9.5 billion. The interests are mostly driven by the following three factors.
#1 Room For Growth As Total Addressable Market Include Dairy And Non-Dairy Consumers
Not only serving lactose intolerant and vegan consumers, Oatly is pitching itself as an alternative to animal-based products. As stated in Oatly’s IPO prospectus, its vision for the company was “…help people shift from traditional dairy to plant-based products and enact positive societal and industry change.”
Oatly is targeting the global US$718.9 billion diary market while continuing to maintain its dominance in the non-dairy market. Their product range includes oat related products from milk, yoghurt, cream and even ice cream.
#2 Oatly Is Positioning Itself For The Asia Market
On 29 March 2021, Oatly and Yeo Hiap Seng entered into a S$30 million joint venture to produce oat milk in Singapore. The factory set up aims to prepare Oatly for the rise in oat milk demand in Asia.
Having entered China market for two years now (since 2018), Oatly was able to capitalise on the same American strategy of converting coffee and tea drinkers to oat milk before releasing the products on the shelf. Since its entrance, Oatly’s China revenue grew by 450% over two years as of 31 December 2020.
As of 31st March 20201, Oatly has four operating factories with three more factories underway to meet the growing demand for oat milk. The three new factories include Yeo’s joint venture and a factory based in Maanshan City, China.
#3 Brand Recognition Among Consumers Drives Tremendous Growth In Spite Of The Pandemic
Supermarkets had a good year during the pandemic. With restrictions on dining and movement, it may be expected that Oatly’s demand would have fallen due to the lack of café sales. Instead, Oatly sales did better than before through their food retail channels such as coffee shop shelves space and groceries stores. According to Nielsen, sales of oat milk were up 347.3% the first week of March, and shelf sales for Oatly at Starbucks were sold out quickly.
Regardless of the positive factors driving investors demand, we should also take note of the company potential issues. Here are three key issues investors should also take note of.
#4 Oatly Has Not Been Profitable Over The Past Two Years And Path To Profitability May Be Impeded By Supply Risks
While Oatly has impressively doubled its revenue from US$204 million to US$421 million from FY2019 to FY2020, it remains largely unprofitable. In FY 2020, Oatly had a total loss of US$60.4 million and US$35.6 million in FY 2019.
Oatly has also invested considerably to increase production capabilities. However, it is not completely immune to the pandemic. Such facilities may face issues in operation due to the potential of the virus outbreak, affecting supply and sales, and consequently revenue and profits.
#5 Steep Competition From Existing And Potential New Entrants
The dairy market remains a steep and challenging market to enter. Currently, alternative dairy products are relatively more expensive compared to dairy products. Converting dairy customers can be an upward challenge if pricing is the core consumer focus.
Apart from dairy, there are also non-dairy competitors such as other nuts and beans milk alternatives. Alpro, another popular plant-based milk company, belongs to one of the largest and profitable dairy companies, Danone. With the backing of its dairy parent, Alpro can position itself to compete and outgrow Oatly. In fact, Alpro has recently entered the China market using the same strategy as Oatly.
#6 Plant-Based Consumable Trend Has Yet To Prove That It Is Here To Stay
Recognition of plant-based consumables has gained traction over recent years. In 2019, it gained the endorsement of Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) as a sustainable food source.
However, the plant-based consumables share of the animal-based market remains low. Based on Good Food Institute (GFI), plant-based milk only accounts for 15% of total retail milk sales. In the same study, GFI found that the repeat rate for plant-based consumables is at 78%, which means that not all consumers would continue to support the products after trying. With 90% of sales dependent on oat milk, Oatly could be adversely impacted if consumer preference changes over time.
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