# 1 Simple Number To Understand 3 Important Areas Of Sheng Siong Group Ltd

**Sheng Siong Group Ltd** (SGX: OV8) is one of the largest supermarket chains in Singapore. The company’s network of 50 stores are primarily located at the heartlands of the island. The company was established in 1985 and listed in 2011.

In this article, I want to dig deep into Sheng Siong’ return on equity, or ROE.

**The choice of ROE**

Why ROE, some of you might be asking? That’s because this financial metric gives investors important insights on a company’s ability to generate a profit using the shareholders’ capital it has.

A ROE of 20% means that a company generates $0.20 in profit for every dollar of shareholders’ capital invested. In general, the higher the ROE, the more profitable a company is. A high ROE can also be a sign that a company has a high quality business.

That being said, it’s worth noting that the use of high leverage – which increases the financial risk faced by a company – can also increase a company’s ROE. So, that’s something to observe.

**Calculating the ROE**

The ROE can be calculated using the following formula, which is the way many investors do it:

*ROE = Net Profit / Shareholder’s Equity*

But, the ROE can also be calculated using a different approach shown below:

*ROE = Asset Turnover x Net Profit Margin x Leverage Ratio*

Doing so will reveal three important aspects about a company: how well it is managing its assets, how efficient it is at turning revenue into profit, and how much financial risk it could be taking on. For more information about this formula for ROE, you can check out the article here.

With that, let’s turn our attention to the ROE of Sheng Siong.

**The actual numbers**

The asset turnover measures the efficiency of a company in using its assets to generate revenue. It is calculated by dividing a company’s total revenue by its assets.

For Sheng Siong, it had total revenue of S$829.9 million and total assets of S$403.6 million in its fiscal year ended 31 December 2017 (FY2017). This gives an asset turnover of 2.06.

The net profit margin measures the percentage of revenue that is left as a profit after deduction of all expenses. In FY2017, Sheng Siong had a net profit margin of 8.4%, given its net profit of S$69.5 million and revenue of S$829.9 million.

Lastly, we have the leverage ratio, which shows the relationship of a company’s total assets to its equity. It is calculated by dividing total assets by equity. A higher ratio means that a company is funding its assets with more liabilities, hence resulting in higher risk. In FY2017, Sheng Siong had total assets and total equity of S$403.6 million and S$273.2 million respectively. This gives a leverage ratio of 1.48.

When we put all the numbers together, we arrive at an ROE of 25.4%.